Drywall Finishing

The joints between the sheets of drywall are finished with drywall compound (or mud) and drywall tape to give the wall a smooth monolithic surface.

Finishing drywall is a multi-step process that requires a variety of tools to ensure a smooth, seamless surface ready for painting or wallpapering. Here's a list of commonly used tools in the drywall finishing process:

  1. Drywall Knives: These come in various sizes, typically ranging from 6 to 14 inches. Smaller knives are used for applying and smoothing joint compound in narrow spaces, while larger ones are used for feathering and smoothing over broader areas.

  2. Taping Knife: A specific type of drywall knife that's used for embedding joint tape into the compound along seams.  These are most commonly 4 in, 5 in, or 6 in wide.

  3. Joint Compound (Mud): This material is essential for covering joints, screws, and imperfections. There are different types, including all-purpose and lightweight compounds, as well as setting-type compounds that harden quickly.

  4. Drywall Tape: This is applied over joints before the joint compound is applied. It helps to prevent cracks from forming along the seams. Both paper and fiberglass mesh tapes are common.

  5. Mud Pan: A pan or tray used to hold and carry joint compound as you work. It's typically made from stainless steel, aluminum, or plastic.

  6. Sandpaper or Sanding Sponge: After the joint compound has dried, light sanding is necessary to achieve a smooth finish. Fine-grit sandpaper or a sanding sponge is used for this. A pole sander or power dustless sander may be used to finish more surfacr faster and to reach higher areas without the need for a ladder.

  7. Pole Sander: An extendable tool that allows you to sand ceilings and high walls. It is used with  sanding screen or sandpaper.

  8. Corner Tools: These are specialized tools designed for applying mud and creating crisp, clean lines in both inside and outside corners.

  9. Mud Mixer: A tool or attachment for a drill that is used to mix joint compound to the right consistency.

These tools, when used correctly, can help create a perfectly smooth surface on walls and ceilings, providing an ideal base for the final finishes of a room.